Server Virtualization :
Windows Server 2016 introduces you to a concept of Nested virtualization . Now we all know what nested virtualization is and how it works but Server 2016 gives you the freedom and opportunity to test it real time . So just an overview about nested virtualization .
Nested Virtualization makes it possible for you to run Hyper-V as a guest VM running on a Hyper-V! What that means is you can actually run a Hyper-v role on a VM instead of a physical host . It exposes hardware virtualization extensions to a VM .
There are some requirements for this technology ”
- Windows Server 2016 or Windows 10 .
- Minimum 4 GB Ram for the host
- Intel VT-x processors(as of now )
- EPT support
- Nested VM running Hyper-V must have dynamic memory disabled
You can download the Server 2016 from the following link :
To turn on nested virtualization, first, on the host, you must run the following Windows PowerShell command against a VM that you have created but have not yet turned on.
Set-VMProcessor -VMName -ExposeVirtualizationExtensions $true
If you want to provide connectivity options for the guest VMs that will reside within your nested Hyper-V machine, you have two choices. The first option is to turn on MAC spoofing for the guest VM.This will allow its guest VMs to send traffic over the network. To turn on MAC spoofing on the host Hyper-V switch, use the following command:
Get-VMNetworkAdapter -VMName <VMName> | Set-VMNetworkAdapter -MacAddressSpoofing On
Your second option is NAT. You need to turn on NAT on the nested Hyper-V VM by using the following commands:
new-vmswitch -name VmNAT -SwitchType Internal
New-NetNat –Name LocalNAT –InternalIPInterfaceAddressPrefix “192.168.100.0/24”
When this is done, you need to assign an IP address to the new internal adapter. This essentially will be the gateway address for the VMs running under the nested Hyper-V. Here’s the Windows PowerShell command to do this:
get-netadapter “vEthernet (VmNat)” | New-NetIPAddress -IPAddress 192.168.100.1 -AddressFamily IPv4-PrefixLength 24
Each nested guest VM needs to have an IP address set and its gateway set as follows:
get-netadapter “Ethernet” | New-NetIPAddress -IPAddress 192.168.100.2 -DefaultGateway 192.168.100.1 -AddressFamily IPv4 -PrefixLength 24
More info See the following link